Changes in the Internal Structure of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Title: Changes in the Internal Structure of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Authors: Badamdorj, Chinbat
Keywords: Urban internal structure, Urban land use, Ger Settlement, Urban Expansion and Suburbanization
Issue Date: 21-Dec-2010
Series/Report no.: Scientific Annual of Korea Mongolian Economic Association;No.14 June 2004
Abstract: The paper outlines the changes in the internal structure of Ulaanbaatar taken place since the fall of socialism in Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, encounters increasing urban development problems, similar to many cities in the developing countries. The problems have been accumulated during the socialist era, and accelerated by the reforms of entire political and economic systems, unregulated market development and the rapid population growth generated by in-migration. The internal structure and land use patterns of Ulaanbaatar, as a former socialist city, have been created and re-formed through four time revisions of the capital city’s master plans. Since the transition to a market economy the city of Ulaanbaatar has experienced much more developments, which resulted in changes of the spatial and functional structure of the city. The most salient transformations among others are as follows: 1. the increase of commercial functions in the city centre and inner city area, 2. the expansion of the urbanized areas along with the growth of informal as well as formal ger-settlements, 3. the emergence of some satellite nodes with clusters of commercial functions, and 4. residential suburbanization in the outer city by single family houses
Нээж үзэх хаяг: http://dspace.num.edu.mn/bitstream/123456789/144/1/Chinbat_2.pdf

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